On September 29-30, 1941, more than 33,000 Jews perished in the Babyn Yar ravine in Kyiv, machine-gunned by the Nazis, in what became the largest single massacre in the history of the Holocaust.
Later, thousands of Gypsies, Ukrainians and other people followed the Jews into Babyn Yar, including 621 members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and poetess-activist Olena Teliha. Altogether, an estimated 70,000-120,000 people lie buried in the mass grave.
On September 29, 2009, President Yushchenko and Premier Tymoshenko attended the Babyn Yar Memorial.
To bring the tragedy alive, local actors staged a short historical reenactment. A monument depicting a scene from Babi Yar: A Document in the Form of a Novel was opened.